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高中英语辅导
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2018高考英语语法大汇总,不得不看!

时间:2018-02-01 来源:未知  浏览次数:

       同学们在学习英语的时候,对英语的语法有时候掌握不好,这13个句型设计到高中英语的全部语法内容,这些语法都比较重要,在试卷的各个题型中都常常被考到,因此,记住他们非常有必要的哦!今天青岛超元外语培训学校的张老师分享一下: 2018高考英语必考语法大汇总,太重要了,不得不看!
 

 2018高考英语必考语法大汇总,太重要了,不得不看!

  1. as 句型

  (1) as引导方式状语从句句型:“按照……;正如……”

  例:As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south.

  正如(像) 你们国家一样,我们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。

  (2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ; 否定式:not as/so --- as

  例:He is as good a player as his sister.

  他和他姐姐一样是位优秀的运动员。

  (3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……

  例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said.

  她是一个如此的一个笨蛋以致相信了他所说的话。

  (4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……

  例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.

  他是如此的强壮以致于能提起那重箱子。

  (5) such...as... 象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句)

  例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.

  他希望成为一个像雷锋这样的人。

  (6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句)

  例:He is not the same man as he used to be.

  他不是从前的那样子了。

  (7) as 引导非限制性定语从句

  例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.

  众所周知,知识就是力量。

  (8)引导时间状语从句,与while意义相近

  例:We get wiser as we get older.

  随着我们长大,我们也变得越来越聪明。

  (9) 引导原因状语从句,与 because的用法相近

  例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.

  因为越来越迟了,所以我们不久就回来了。

  (10) 引导让步状语从句

  例:Child as he is, he knows much about science.

  尽管他是一个小孩,但他对科学了解得很多。

  2. prefer 句型

  (1) prefer to do sth

  例:I prefer to stay at home.

  我宁愿呆在家里。

  (2) prefer doing sth

  例:I prefer playing in defence.

  我喜欢打防守。

  (3) prefer sb to do sth

  例:Would you prefer me to stay?

  你愿意我留下来吗?

  (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth… 宁愿…...而不愿...

  例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out.

  我宁愿呆在家里而不愿出去.

  (5) prefer doing sth to doing sth

  例:I prefer watching football to playing it.

  我喜欢看篮球,不喜欢打篮球。

  (6) prefer sth to sth

  例:I prefer tea to coffee.

  我要茶不要咖啡。

  3. when 句型

  (1) was/were doing sth...when...

  例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.

  他正笑着的时候门突然开了,他妻子走了进来。

  (2) was/were about to do sth ... when ...

  例:We were about to start when it began to rain.

  我们刚要出发,天就开始下雨了。

  (3) had just done ... when ...

  例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.

  在劳累了一天之后我刚刚就寝,电话铃就响了。

  4. seem 句型

  (1) It +seems + that从句

  例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied.

  看来好像每个人都很满意。

  (2) It seems to sb that ...

  例:It seems to me that she is right.

  我看她是对的,

  (3) There seems to be ...

  例:There seems to be a heavy rain.

  看上去要有一场大雨。

  (4) It seems as if ...

  例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.

  看样子她不能来上课了。

  5. 表示“相差……; 增加了……; 增加到……”的句型

  (1) She is taller than I by three inches.

  她比我高三英寸

  (2) There is one year between us.

  我们之间相差一岁。

  (3) She is three years old than I.

  她比我大三岁。

  (4) They have increased the price by 50%.

  他们把价格上涨了50%

  (5) His salary has rised to 10,000 yuan per month.

  他的工资已经涨到了每月10,000元。

  6. what 引导的名词性从句

  (1) what 引导主语从句

  例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.

  让我吃惊的是每个人似乎对她都很冷淡。

  [ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的]

  (2) what 引导宾语从句

  例:We can learn what we do not know.

  我们能学会我们不懂的东西。

  (3) what 引导表语从句

  例:That is what I want.

  那正是我所要的。

  (4) what 引导同位语从句

  例:I have no idea what they are talking about.

  我不知道他们正在谈论什么。

  7. too句型

  (1) too ... to do ...

  例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.(=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)

  政治太重要了,不能由政治家来决定。

  (2) only too ... to do ...

  例:I shall be only too pleased to get home.

  我要回到家里就非常高兴。

  (3) too + adj + for sth

  例:These shoes are much too small for me.

  我穿这双鞋太小了。

  (4) too + adj + a + n.

  例:This is too difficult a text for me.

  这篇课文对我来说太难了。

  (5) can't … too +形容词 无论……也不为过

  例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

  我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

  8. where 句型

  (1) where 引导的定语从句

  例:This is the house where he lived last year.

  这就是他去年住过的房子。

  (2) where 引导的状语从句

  例:Where there is a will,there is a way.

  有志者事竟成。

  He left his key where he could find.

  他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。

  I will go where I want to go.

  我要去我想去的地方。

  (3) where 引导的表语从句

  例:This is where you are wrong.

  这正是你错的地方。

  9. wish 句型

  (1) wish that sb did sth 希望某人现在做某事

  例:I wish I were as strong as you.

  我希望和你一样强壮。

  (2) wish that sb had done sth 希望某人过去做某事

  例: I wish you had told me earlier

  要是你早点告诉我就好了。

  (3) wish that sb would/could do sth 希望某人将来做某事

  例:I wish you would succeed this time.

  我希望你这次会成功。

  10. would rather 句型

  (1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做……

  例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland.

  她宁可死也不去背叛祖国。

  (2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事

  例:I would rather have taken his advice.

  我宁愿过去接受他的意见。

  (3) would rather sb had done sth 宁愿某人过去做过某事

  例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week.

  我真希望通过上星期的考试。

  (4) would rather sb did sth 宁愿某人现在或将来做某事

  例: Who would you rather went with you?

  你宁愿谁和你一起去?

  11. before 句型

  (1) before sb can/ could … 某人还没来得及……

  例:Before I could get in a word ,he had measured me.

  我还没来得及插话,他就给我量好了尺寸。

  (2) It will be +时间+ before + 还有多长时间……

  例:It will be 4 years before he graduates.

  他还有四年时间变毕业了。

  (3) had done some time before (才……)

  例:We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.

  我们航行了四天四夜才见到陆地。

  (4) had not done ... before ... 不到……就……

  例:We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired.

  我们还没走到一英里路就觉得累了。

  (5) It was not +一段时间+ before 不多久就……

  例:It wasn’t two years before he left the country.

  还没到两年他们离开了那国家。

  12. 强调句型

  (1) It is /was +被强调部分+that(who)...

  例:It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday.

  是我昨天给我叔叔写信的。

  (2) Is/was it + 被强调部分 + that (who) ...

  例:Was it your brother that you met in the street?

  在街上你遇见的是你兄弟吗?

  (3) Where/who/what/how等特殊疑问词 + is/was it that ...

  例:How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow?

  明天你究竟怎样去看望她?

  (4) do/does/did +谓语动词 (强调谓语)

  例:They do know the place well.

  他们的确很熟悉那个地方。

  13. 用于表示过去未实现的希望和计划的句型

  (1)would like to/ would love to have done sth.

  例:I would like to have written to you.

  我本想给你写信的。

  (2) was / were going to do sth.(用过去将来时态表示原打算做什么)

  例:Lucy was going to watch a basketball match.

  Lucy 原打算看一场篮球比赛。

       青岛英语培训学校 超元外语官网 http://www.chaoyuanedu.com/ 4000608050

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